https://ejurnal.stikespantikosala.ac.id/index.php/kjik/issue/feed KOSALA : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan 2022-05-31T07:54:41+00:00 Warsini lppmpankos@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>Kosala : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan (p-ISSN 1979-0430 | e-ISSN 1979-0430) publishes research articles, conceptual articles, reports field studies, the best practices and policies of health and nursing in national and international stage (See Focus and Scope). STIKES PANTI KOSALA Jalan Raya Solo - Baki Km. 4 Gedangan, Grogol, Sukoharjo, Jawa Tengah. Phone: (0271) 621313 | Email: lppmpankos@gmail.com</p> https://ejurnal.stikespantikosala.ac.id/index.php/kjik/article/view/216 HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN PENGALAMAN BODY SHAMING DENGAN CITRA DIRI MAHASISWA 2021-10-15T08:36:48+00:00 Tunjung Sri Yulianti tejeyulianti@gmail.com Endang Dwi Ningsih edwiningsih77@gmail.com <table width="619"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="619"> <p>Latar belakang : <em>body shaming</em> telah menjadi salah satu perilaku yang beresiko menimbulkan masalah mental emosional yaitu menurunnya kepercayaan diri dan korban dapat melakukan hal-hal yang ekstrim untuk memperbaiki kondisi tubuhnya. Teknologi memunculkan tren dan akan mempengaruhi perspektif serta nilai-nilai yang berkembang di masyarakat. Termasuk di kalangan remaja menyangkut penampilan dan gaya hidup. Muncul standar ideal terkait dengan bentuk tubuh. Pada usia remaja, fokus individu terhadap fisik lebih menonjol dari periode kehidupan yang lain. Bagi remaja yang memiliki kecenderungan sangat mementingkan standar tubuh ideal, perilaku <em>body shaming</em> dapat membuat mereka semakin merasa tidak aman dan tidak nyaman terhadap penampilan fisiknya sehingga akan mempengaruhi gambaran diri (citra diri) dan mulai menimbulkan masalah-masalah mental emosional.</p> <p>Tujuan penelitian&nbsp; : untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan dan pengalaman <em>body shaming</em> dengan citra diri mahasiswa.</p> <p>Subyek dan metode : subyek penelitian adalah mahasiswa STIKES PANTI KOSALA. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik dengan desain korelasi. Uji statistik yang digunakan adalah <em>Chi Square</em>.</p> <p>Hasil penelitian : tidak terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan <em>body shaming</em> dengan citra diri (nilai p : 0,998) dan terdapat hubungan antara pengalaman <em>body shaming</em> dengan citra diri&nbsp; (nilai p : 0,000).</p> <p>Kesimpulan : pengetahuan tentang <em>body shaming</em> tidak berhubungan dengan citra diri sedangkan pengalaman mendapatkan <em>body shaming</em> berhubungan dengan citra diri.</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="619"> <p><sup>&nbsp;</sup></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="619"> <p>Kata kunci : body shaming, citra diri, pengalaman, pengetahuan</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="619"> <p>&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="619"> <p><strong><em>THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE OF BODY SHAMING WITH STUDENTS' SELF-IMAGE</em></strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="619"> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="619"> <p><strong>Tunjung Sri Yulianti, Endang Dwi Ningsih</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="619"> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="619"> <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="619"> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="619"><em>Background : body shaming has become one of the behaviors that have the risk of causing mental emotional problems, namely decreased self-confidence and victims can do extreme things to improve their body condition. Technology raises trends and will influence the perspectives and values ??that develop in society. Including among adolescents regarding appearance and lifestyle. There are ideal standards regarding body shape. In adolescence, the individual's focus on the physical is more prominent than other periods of life. For adolescents who have a tendency to place great importance on ideal body standards, body shaming behavior can make them feel more insecure and uncomfortable about their physical appearance so that it will affect their self-image and begin to cause mental emotional problems.</em><em>The aim of the study : to determine the relationship between knowledge and experience of body shaming with students' self-image.</em><em>Subjects and Methods: students of </em>STIKES PANTI KOSALA<em>. This research is in thr form of analytic observation with correlation design. The data obtained were analyze using the Chi Square test.</em><em>Results: There is no relationship between knowledge of body shaming and self-image (p value: 0.998) and there is a relationship between body shaming experience and self-image (p value: 0.000).</em><em>Conclusion: Knowledge about body shaming is not related to self-image, while the experience of getting body shaming is related to self-image.</em></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="619"> <p>&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="619"> <p><em>Keywords: body shaming, experience</em><em>,</em><em> knowledge</em><em>,</em><em> self-image</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2022-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://ejurnal.stikespantikosala.ac.id/index.php/kjik/article/view/217 EFEKTIVITAS PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN STUNTING DENGAN METODE DARING TERHADAP PERILAKU PENCEGAHAN STUNTING 2021-10-12T03:32:38+00:00 Ditya Yankusuma Setiani alloysmaria@yahoo.co.id Lilik Sriwiyati lilik.sriwiyati@gmail.com <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="547"> <p><strong>Latar Belakang</strong> : Stunting adalah kondisi dimana balita memiliki panjang atau tinggi badan yang kurang jika dibandingkan dengan umur. Kecamatan Kebonarum Klaten masih terdapat balita dengan stunting yaitu 2 % dari 1000 anak. Mayoritas ibu tidak mengetahui tentang pencegahan stunting.</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="547"> <p><strong>Tujuan dan Manfaat</strong> : Mengetahui kefektifan pendidikan kesehatan stunting dengan metode daring terhadap perilaku pencegahan stunting</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="547"> <p><strong>Subjek dan Metode : </strong>Responden penelitian ini adalah&nbsp; 31 orang. Desain penelitian <em>quasy experimental</em> dengan rancangan <em>pre test dan post test.</em> Data dianalisis dengan <em>Paired T-Test.</em></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="547"> <p><strong>Hasil Penelitian : </strong>Untuk nilai rata-rata perilaku sebelum diberi penyuluhan 13,48 dan sesudah diberi penyuluhan 13,94 dan hasil <em>paired t-test </em>0,000 maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada peningkatan perilaku pencegahan setelah diberi peyuluhan.</p> <p><strong>Kesimpulan : </strong>Pendidikan kesehatan secara daring efektif untuk meningkatkan perilaku pencegahan stunting.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Kata kunci</strong><em> : </em><em>Pendidikan Kesehatan, Perilaku Pencegahan Stunting, Daring</em><em>&nbsp; </em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="612"><strong>THE EFFECTIVENESS OF STUNTING HEALTH EDUCATION WITH </strong><strong>ONLINE METHODS ON STUNTING PREVENTION BEHAVIOR</strong><strong>IN THE VILLAGE OF CENTRAL KLATEN REGENCY</strong> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Ditya Yankusuma Setiani, Lilik Sriwiyati</strong></p> <p><strong><sup>&nbsp;</sup></strong></p> <strong>INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCE</strong> <strong>OF PANTI KOSALA, Sukoharjo, Central Java, Indonesia</strong> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <strong>Background</strong>: Stunting is a condition where toddlers have a length or height that is less than their age. In Kebonarum District, Klaten, there are still toddlers with stunting, which is 2% of 1000 children. The majority of mothers do not know about stunting prevention.<strong>The Aim of the study</strong>: Knowing the effectiveness of stunting health education with online methods on stunting prevention behavior<strong>Subjects and Methods</strong>: The respondents of this study were 31 people. Quasy experimental research design with pre test and post test designs. Data were analyzed by Paired T-Test.<strong>Research results</strong>: the average value of behavior before being given counseling is 13.48 and after being given counseling is 13.94 and the paired t-test result is 0.000, it can be concluded that there is an increase in preventive behavior after being given counseling.<strong>Conclusion</strong>: Online health education is effective to improve stunting prevention behavior.&nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="612"><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Health Education, Stunting Prevention Behavior</em>, <em>Online</em> <p>&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2022-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://ejurnal.stikespantikosala.ac.id/index.php/kjik/article/view/223 HUBUNGAN PERILAKU HIDUP BERSIH DAN SEHAT (PHBS) DENGAN KEJADIAN DIARE PADA ANAK BALITA 2022-05-06T01:53:11+00:00 Ratna Indriati ratna24173@gmail.com Warsini Warsini warsinimulyono@gmail.com <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="542"> <p><strong>Latar Belakang</strong>. Salah satu tujuan upaya kesehatan anak adalah menjamin kelangsungan hidup anak melalui upaya menurunkan angka kematian bayi baru lahir, bayi dan balita. Penyebab kematian terbanyak pada balita adalah Diare. Prevalensi Diare pada balita di Indonesia 11,5% dan Jawa Tengah 11,1% (Riskesdas, 2018). Penyebab balita mudah mengalami diare adalah perilaku hidup masyarakat yang kurang baik dan keadaan lingkungan yang buruk. Oleh karena itu perlu meningkatkan keterlibatan keluarga dengan menerapkan Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS)</p> <p><strong>Tujuan dan Manfaat</strong>. Untuk mengetahui hubungan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat dengan kejadian diare pada balita.</p> <p><strong>Subjek Penelitian.</strong> 44 ibu yang memiliki anak balita di Posyandu Kartini III</p> <p><strong>Metode</strong>. Penelitian berupa observasi analitik, desain korelasi dengan metode <em>cross sectional</em>. Pengambilan sampel secara<em> sampling</em> jenuh. Analisa bivariat menggunakan uji <em>chi square</em> dan multivariat menggunakan uji regresi logistik</p> <p><strong>Hasil Penelitian.</strong> Penerapan PHBS pemberian ASI eksklusif&nbsp; 90,9%, mencuci tangan 88,6%, penggunaan air bersih 97,7%, penggunaan jamban sehat&nbsp; 88,6%, kejadian diare 29,5%. Hasil analisis hubungan PHBS dengan kejadian diare diperoleh penggunaan air bersih <em>p</em>=0,118 (&gt;0,05) dan penggunaan jamban sehat <em>p</em>=0.619 (&gt;0,05) sehingga Ha ditolak. PHBS pemberian ASI eksklusif <em>p</em>=0,031 (&lt;0,05), OR=14,5 dan mencuci tangan <em>p</em>=0,014 (&lt;0,05),OR=19,33 yang berarti Ha diterima. Nilai <em>Nagelkarke R square</em> 33,6.</p> <p><strong>Kesimpulan.</strong> Tidak ada hubungan PHBS penggunaan air bersih dan penggunaan jamban sehat dengan kejadian diare balita, ada hubungan PHBS pemberian ASI eksklusif dan mencuci tangan dengan kejadian diare pada balita. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci</strong><em> : Diare, Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS)</em></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="542"> <p>ABSTRACT</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="542"> <p><strong>Background.</strong> One of the goals of child health efforts is to ensure the survival of children through efforts to reduce the mortality rate of newborns, infants and toddlers. The most common cause of death in children under five is diarrhea. The prevalence of diarrhea in children under five in Indonesia is 11.5% and Central Java is 11.1% (Riskesdas, 2018). The cause of toddlers easily experiencing diarrhea is the behavior of people's lives that are not good and bad environmental conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to increase family involvement by implementing Clean and Healthy Life Behavior (PHBS).</p> <p><strong>Purpose and benefit.</strong> To find out the relationship between clean and healthy living behavior with the incidence of diarrhea in children</p> <p><strong>The subject of study.</strong> 44 mothers with children under five at the Kartini III Posyandu.</p> <p><strong>Method.</strong> The research is in the form of analytic observation, correlation design with cross sectional method. Sampling by sampling saturated. Bivariate analysis using chi square test and multivariate using logistic regression test</p> <p><strong>The Result of Research.</strong> The implementation of PHBS for exclusive breastfeeding was 90.9%, washing hands 88.6%, using clean water 97.7%, using healthy latrines 88.6%, diarrhea incidence 29.5%. The results of the analysis of the relationship between PHBS and the incidence of diarrhea obtained the use of clean water p = 0.118 (&gt; 0.05) and the use of healthy latrines p = 0.619 (&gt; 0.05) so Ha was rejected. PHBS exclusive breastfeeding p=0.031 (&lt;0.05), OR: 14.5 and hand washing p=0.014 (&lt;0.05), OR: 19.33 which means Ha is accepted with a Nagelkarke R square value of 33.6.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> There is no relationship between PHBS using clean water and using healthy latrines with the incidence of diarrhea, there is a relationship between PHBS exclusive breastfeeding and washing hands with the incidence of diarrhea in children.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong> : <em>&nbsp;Diarrhea, </em><em>Clean and Health Life Behavior (PHBS)</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2022-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://ejurnal.stikespantikosala.ac.id/index.php/kjik/article/view/224 PROFIL PERSONAL HYGIENE MAHASISWA TINGKAT I DAN II DI SEKOLAH TINGGI ILMU KESEHATAN PANTI KOSALA 2022-05-06T01:52:45+00:00 Iyar Siswandi lppmpankos@gmail.com Budi Kristanto budikrist18@gmail.com Warsini Warsini warsinimulyono@gmail.com <p>Latar belakang : masa remaja merupakan suatu fase perkembangan antara masa kanak-kanak dan masa dewasa. Mahasiswa tingkat I dan ll tergolong masa remaja akhir yakni usia 18-21 tahun, dimana pada usia ini seharusnya sudah mengetahui tentang personal hygiene yang baik, mengingat mahasiswa merupakan calon tenaga kesehatan yang harus memelihara kebersihan diri dan dimulai dari diri sendiri terlebih dahulu sebelum menerapkan kepada orang lain maupun pasien.</p> <p>Tujuan penelitian : untuk mengetahui gambaran <em>personal hygiene </em>mahasiswa tingkat I dan ll di Sekolah Tinggi Imu Kesehatan Panti Kosala.</p> <p>Subyek dan metode : penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh mahasiswa tingkat 1 dan ll sebanyak 172 orang. Sampel 63 orang diambil dengan teknik <em>p</em><em>roporsional stratified</em> <em>r</em><em>andom </em><em>s</em><em>ampling</em><em>. </em>Pengumpulan data menggunakan pedoman kuesioner dan analisa data menggunakan rumus persentase.</p> <p>Hasil penelitian : berdasarkan hasil kuisioner menunjukkan indikator kebersihan kulit mayoritas adalah cukup yaitu 27 mahasiswa (43%), indikator kebersihan kuku mayoritas cukup sebanyak 25 mahasiswa (39,5%), indikator kebersihan gigi mulut mayoritas baik sebanyak 23 mahasiswa (36,5%), indikator kebersihan rambut mayoritas baik sebanyak 28 mahasiswa (44%), kebersihan mata mayoritas baik dan cukup dengan masing-masing adalah 22 mahasiswa (35%) dan kebersihan telinga mayoritas adalah baik yaitu 25 mahasiswa (40%).</p> <p>Kesimpulan : berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa <em>personal hygiene</em> mahasiswa tingkat I dan ll di STIKES Panti Kosala mayoritas adalah kategori baik.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Kata kunci : personal hygiene, remaja</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>OVERVIEW OF LEVEL I AND II STUDENTS' PERSONAL HYGIENE</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>IN HIGH SCHOOL OF HEALTH SCIENCE ORIGINAL KOSALA</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Iyar Siswandi,<sup>&nbsp; </sup>Budi Kristanto, Warsini</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p>&nbsp;<em>Background : a</em><em>dolescence is a developmental phase between childhood and adulthood. Students level</em><em> I</em><em> and ll is the final adolescence, namely the age of 18-21 years, at this age should already know how good personal hygiene, especially for prospective students of health workers should maintain personal hygiene efforts should start from themselves first before applying to others or patients</em><em>. </em><em>The aim of the study : to find out how the personal hygiene picture of students level 1 and ll at STIKES Panti Kosala. </em><em>Subjects and Methods : the research design used is descriptive research. The population in this study is all 1st and ll-level students as many as 172 peoples. Sampled 63 peoples with stratified random sampling proportional sampling techniques, data collection using questionnaire guidelines. Data was analyzed used the percentage formula. </em></p> <p><em>Results : </em><em>based on the results of the questionnaire showed that the majority of skin hygiene indicators were sufficient, namely 27 students (43%), the majority of nail hygiene indicators were sufficient as many as 25 students (39.5%), the majority of oral dental hygiene indicators were good as many as 23 students (36.5% ), the majority of hair hygiene indicators were good as many as 28 students (44%), the majority of eye hygiene was adequate and good with 22 students each (35%) and the majority of ear hygiene was good, namely 25 students (40%).</em></p> <p><em>Conclusion: based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the personal hygiene of students level I and II at STIKES Panti Kosala is in good category.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Keywords:</em> <em>adolescents</em>, <em>personal hygiene</em></p> 2022-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://ejurnal.stikespantikosala.ac.id/index.php/kjik/article/view/222 PENGARUH EDUKASI PERILAKU HIDUP BERSIH DAN SEHAT (PHBS) TERHADAP PERILAKU PENCEGAHAN COVID-19 PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH 2022-05-06T01:53:30+00:00 Sri Aminingsih s.aminingsih@yahoo.com Endang Dwi Ningsih edwiningsih77@gmail.com <table width="545"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="545"> <p><strong>Background.</strong> According to the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia (2020), the age group of children is very vulnerable to being infected with COVID-19. Classification of children aged less than 18 years with a total number of children as many as 79.5 million or 30.1% of confirmed cases of positive COVID-19 children. The percentage is 8,1% positive for COVID-19, 8,6% being treated, 8,3% recovering, and 1,6% dying. In an effort to maintain the health of children, the Indonesian Ministry of Health has determined several preventions for COVID-19, which include implementing a clean and healthy lifestyle (washing hands with soap, using a mask when coughing or colds, exercising regularly, getting enough rest and consuming a balanced diet with lots of vegetables and fruits). fruit). A clean and healthy lifestyle must be applied as early as possible so that it becomes a positive habit in maintaining health. SDN 01 Malanggaten is a public elementary school located in the east of the Kebakramat sub-district. The number of students from grades 4 to 6 is approximately 60 students. Based on information from the Indonesian Ministry of Health (2020), school-age children are very vulnerable to COVID-19, so it is necessary to implement as early as possible about PHBS education and prevention of covid-19 so that children avoid the disease covid-19.</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="545"> <p><strong>The </strong><strong>P</strong><strong>urpose</strong><strong>.</strong> To determine the effect of education on clean and healthy living behavior (PHBS) on the behavior of preventing COVID-19 in school-age children</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="545"> <p><strong>Method.</strong> This study is a post-test, pre-post test and the static group comparison design research to determine the effect of clean and healthy living behavior education (PHBS) on covid-19 prevention behavior in school-age children, the results of the study using Paired T-Test</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="545"> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Mean before education 12,2750 and after education 15.1000, mean differences -2,82500, std deviation 2,70695 . Based on the value of the mean difference (mean differences) is negative, namely -2,82500, it can be interpreted that the result after being given education is higher than before being given education, with sig. (2-tailed) p value = 0,001.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="545"> <p><strong>&nbsp;The </strong><strong>Conclusion.</strong> PHBS behavior education is significantly effective for improving Covid-19 prevention behavior</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="545"> <p><strong>Keywords</strong> PHBS Education, Covid-19 prevention behavior in children</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2022-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022